(Spanish for "land of flowers") is the southernmost state in the southeastern region of the United States.
The state is bordered to the west by the Gulf of Mexico and Alabama, to the north by Alabama and Georgia, to the east by the Atlantic Ocean, and to the south by the Straits of Florida. Jacksonville is the most populous municipality in the state and the largest city by area in the contiguous United States (due to the consolidation of Jacksonville with Duval County).
The earliest known European explorers came with the Spanish conquistador Juan Ponce de León.
Ponce de León spotted and landed on the peninsula on April 2, 1513.
The British soon constructed the King's Road connecting St. The British government gave land grants to officers and soldiers who had fought in the French and Indian War in order to encourage settlement.
In order to induce settlers to move to Florida, reports of its natural wealth were published in England.
Spain maintained tenuous control over the region by converting the local tribes to Christianity.
Neither East Florida nor West Florida would send any representatives to Philadelphia to draft the Declaration of Independence. Americans of English descent and Americans of Scots-Irish descent began moving into northern Florida from the backwoods of Georgia and South Carolina.
Florida would remain a Loyalist stronghold for the duration of the American Revolution. Though technically not allowed by the Spanish authorities and the Floridan government, they were never able to effectively police the border region and the backwoods settlers from the United States would continue to immigrate into Florida unchecked.
A large number of British settlers who were described as being "energetic and of good character" moved to Florida, mostly coming from South Carolina, Georgia and England.
There was also a group of settlers who came from the colony of Bermuda.