The Gin Act 1736 imposed high taxes on retailers and led to riots in the streets.
The prohibitive duty was gradually reduced and finally abolished in 1742. It forced distillers to sell only to licensed retailers and brought gin shops under the jurisdiction of local magistrates.
There is however no longer a formal distinction between an inn and other kinds of establishment.
Many pubs use "Inn" in their name, either because they are long established former coaching inns, or to summon up a particular kind of image, or in many cases simply as a pun on the word "in", as in "The Welcome Inn", the name of many pubs in Scotland.
Referred to as their "local" by regulars, pubs are typically chosen for their proximity to home or work, the availability of a particular beer or ale or a good selection, good food, a social atmosphere, the presence of friends and acquaintances, and the availability of recreational activities such as a darts team, a skittles team, and a pool or snooker table.
The pub quiz was established in the UK in the 1970s.
Gin was brought to England by the Dutch after the Glorious Revolution of 1688 and became very popular after the government created a market for "cuckoo grain" or "cuckoo malt" that was unfit to be used in brewing and distilling by allowing unlicensed gin and beer production, while imposing a heavy duty on all imported spirits.
Most pubs focus on offering beers, ales and similar drinks.
The drunkenness and lawlessness created by gin was seen to lead to ruination and degradation of the working classes.
The different effects of beer and gin were illustrated by William Hogarth in his engravings Beer Street and Gin Lane.
The practice of adding hops to produce beer was introduced from the Netherlands in the early 15th century.
Alehouses would each brew their own distinctive ale, but independent breweries began to appear in the late 17th century.